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Alexander Heindl had had a distinguished career in Europe, playing cello in the Vienna Philharmonic in the s, when the orchestra was building its season length.

The Heindl brothers emigrated to the U. Alexander Heindl remained with the cello section until the end of the season, when he retired, age He was one of the four musician sons of the famous German violinist Karl Friedrich Müller who was one of the pioneers in the performance of Beethoven Quartets In , the eldest son of Karl Friedrich Müller, Karl, followed in his father's footsteps forming the Müller String Quartet with his brothers.

The quartet was made up of Karl Müller first , Hugo Müller second , Bernhard Müller viola , and Wilhelm Müller cello It performed a number of premieres, including works by Joseph Joachim Raff For three years, , Müller was a cello instructor at the Musikhochschule Berlin under Joseph Joachim, where one of his leading pupils was the later famous cellist Robert Hausmann During the period , Wilhelm Müller was cellist in the Joachim Quartet, at that time: With this group, Wilhelm Müller gave the premiere of several works by Brahms and others.

Müller continued with the Boston Symphony for three seasons until the March, However, in the season, conductor Wilhelm Gericke, who had succeeded Georg Henschel, appointed Fritz Giese as Principal cello, with Wilhelm Müller presumably becoming what we would call today Associate Principal cello.

He was son of the cellist and teacher Joseph Giese Joseph Giese was born in Koblenz, Germany and was a student of the Berlin-based cellist and teacher Moritz Ganz The interesting information of of the Nederlands Muziek Instituut website states: In at the early age of fifteen, Fritz Giese graduated from the Royal Conservatory, Hague and went on to further studies in Paris with Louis-Auguste Jacquard After touring Europe as a cello soloist in about , Fritz Giese joined the Park Orchestra in Amsterdam during about He was also an original member of the Kneisel Quartet He became dependent on alcohol, which lead to his gradual deterioration as a musician.

Fritz Giese was a fine cellist, particularly when playing with the Kneisel Quartet in the s. With the arrival of Arthur Nikisch as conductor of the Boston Symphony in the season, it seems that Nikisch had determined on Anton Hekking as Principal cello.

However, he returned to Boston, where he died on August 5, , sadly from illness arising from his alcoholism. Fritz Giese's artistry was cut short at age only Hekking was from a musical family.

He studied first with his cellist father Robert Gerard Hekking Anton Hekking studied in the Hague with cellist and teacher Joseph Giese , who was the father and teacher of Anton Hekking's colleague and Boston predecessor Fritz Giese.

As a youth, Hekking played with the Utrecht Symphony. Anton Hekking won the Conservatoire Premier prix for cello in the Concour Following graduation, Anton Hekking toured the U.

Hekking was one of the 54 musicians who founded the Berlin Philharmonic in , after breaking away from the orchestra of conductor Benjamin Bilse During this period, Anton Hekking had a reputation in the orchestra of a practical joker, which is said to have caused some tension within the Philharmonic, and led to Hekking's departure in Hekking remained as Principal cello in Boston for two seasons, During this time, Hekking was also cello of the Kneisel String Quartet So was created the Hekking Trio which continued seven seasons, The concerts of the trio followed the Bilse Orchestra format with tables and beer served with the music.

These programs sold well for the seven years they continued. Anton Hekking also taught at the Stern Conservatory, Berlin, where he died after a full and colorful career on November 18, Alwin Schroeder was initially violist in the Schroeder family quartet, with his older brother Karl as cello.

Karl Schroeder was later Professor of cello at the Leipzig Conservatory, and he encouraged his brother Alwin to pursue the cello. Alwin Schroeder loved the sound of the cello and initially taught himself.

Alwin first studied the viola at the Berlin Akademische Hochschule für Musik, while continuing with the cello.

Following graduation, Schroeder's first orchestral cello engagements were in the Karl Liebig orchestra in Berlin. This led to Alwin Schroeder in being appointed co-Principal cello with the famous cellist Julius Klengel of the Leipzig Gewandhaus orchestra.

During his time at the Leipzig Gewandhaus , Alwin Schroeder also began teaching at the Leipzig Conservatory after his brother Karl had left to become Kapellmeister in Sondershausen in central Germany.

Alwin Schroeder then toured in Germany and Russia. In the season, Alwin Schneider joined the newly formed Boston Symphony Orchestra as Principal cello, where he stayed initially for 12 seasons.

During this time, he advised Dvorak on his cello concerto Hoch Konservatorium for a year in Frankfurt Schroeder then returned to the U. Schroeder also replaced Leo Schulz in the Margulies Trio.

During the , Schroeder played with the Boston String Quartet. He remained with Boston for another 7 seasons until the end of the season.

Alwin Schroeder died in Boston, October 17, He came from a musical family. His older brother, Albert Krasselt was a violinist, Concertmaster of the Staatskapelle Weimar Orchestra, and later a conductor.

Rudolf Krasselt began cello study at age 9. The next season Rudolf Krasselt next became Principal cello of the Berlin Philharmonic in at age The book Gustav Mahler: Triumph and Disillusion states:.

He was not able to join the Boston Symphony until October, joining only at the second concert of the season due to German military service Krasselt was Principal cello of the Boston Symphony for only one seasons under Gericke.

When he left the orchestra, in , the New York Times stated that Krasselt was preparing himself for a conducting career The remainder of Krasselt's career was in fact as a conductor.

From Krasselt was Kapellmeister of the Kiel Opera. In , Krasselt was appointed conductor of the German Opera Deutsche Oper located in Charlottenburg, then still a separate suburb of Berlin.

Beginning in , Rudolf Krasselt taught conducting at the Berlin Akademische Hochschule für Musik, where Kurt Weill and Berthold Goldschmidt were among his students.

Krasselt conducted the Stockholm Symphony Orchestra in Krasselt in later years concentrated on conducting. He was for many years conductor Music Director not then a title of the Staatsoper Hannover, which he also conducted at some times in the s.

The letter is described as " Krasselt died in Hannover, Germany in Otto Urack in He was trained in Berlin both as a cellist and pianist.

In , Urack conducted the Berlin Philharmonic in his own works including 'Fantasia for Orchestra' This was the same opera theater at which Alfred Hertz learned his conducting 15 years previously.

In the season, Urack joined the Boston Symphony under Karl Muck as associate conductor and Co-Principal cello 70 , seated at the stand next to Principal cello Heinrich Warnke, and with Urack listed second in the Boston Symphony programs.

Beginning the next season, Otto Urack also conducted the Boston Pops concerts. Urack continued as Co-Principal cello until the end of the season.

While in Boston, Otto Urack pursued conducting, as he also did later in Europe. Also in Berlin in the early s, he played chamber music and accompanied several leading singers in concerts from the piano.

Otto Urack also conducted some of the earliest radio broadcast concerts beginning October, transmitted by the VOX-Haus broadcasting station in Berlin.

Otto Urack later relocated to Dresden. Otto Urack in the s also composed some film music. Heinrich Warnke was born in Wesselburen north of Hamburg , Germany in At age 12, he entered the Hamburg Conservatory where he studied cello with Albert Gowa after In about , Warnke went to Leipzig where he played with the great Gewandhaus Orchestra.

In the season, after the resignation of Rudolph Krasselt, Warnke came to Boston to become Principal cello at the Boston Symphony.

Johannes Warnke remaining with the Boston Symphony for ten seasons, , Heinrich Warnke remained Principal cello of the Boston Symphony for nine seasons.

At the end of the season, perhaps due to the return of Karl Muck, Heinrich Warnke was succeeded by Joseph Malkin as Principal cello.

Warnke, however, remained with the Boston Symphony four more seasons, until the end of the season. Heinrich Warnke died in Germany during the summer of His first cello teacher starting in was Ladislas Alois circa circa In , Malkin entered the Paris Conservatoire, where he studied under Henri Rabaud , and received the first prize in cello in In the Autumn of , Joseph Malkin toured European countries with his violinist brother Jacques He made his debut in Berlin in , and performed there in He played solo cello with the Berlin Philharmonic , and during this time played cello with the Witek trio, with Anton Witek , later Concertmaster of the Boston Symphony, and at that time Concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic.

In , he left Berlin and joined the Brussels Quartet, and also toured Europe, seeking to establish a soloist career. Malkin made his American debut in Malkin was back in Germany at the outset of World War 1 in , and Saleski says that it was Malkin's friendship with Chief of the German General Staff General Helmuth von Moltke , that allowed Malkin to gain an exit visa to go to Boston In Chicago, he formed a trio with his brothers.

In , the family founded the Malkin Conservatory of Music in Boston. Schoenberg taught at the Conservatory for one year immediately upon his emigration to the United States.

The Malkin Conservatory closed in , and Joseph Malkin in the season joined the New York Philharmonic for six seasons, retiring at the end of the season.

Joseph Malkin died in Jean Bedetti circa Jean Bedetti was born in Lyon, France December 25, He began study with his father, also a cellist and a teacher at the Lyon Conservatory.

In the s, Jean Bedetti won the competition for entrance to the Lyon Conservatory, where he conditnued studies with his father, a cello virtuoso.

This training allowed Jean Bedetti to be admitted to the Paris Conservatoire, where he studied cello with Jules Loeb Bedetti was to remain with the Boston Symphony as Principal cello for twenty-nine seasons.

Georges Bedetti was described by his students as an emotional player. Kermit Moore, a Bedetti student describes an emotional scene between Bedetti and Koussevitzky.

Bedetti became very angry with Koussevitzky because Koussevitzky had the temerity to say things to Bedetti: The notes just don't sound,' and so Bedetti was so angry he stormed off the stage.

He walked across the stage and management had to ask him to come back and he refused. So they asked Koussevitzky if he would apologize to Bedetti?

Koussevitzky said, 'No, I will not apologize. He will come back. Jean Bedetti moved to Florida, where he died in Miami on July 25, Louis, Missouri on August 11, Samuel Mayes had a genuine American west background: Mayes began early with cello lessons with Max Steindel , long time Principal cello of the St.

Louis Symphony 42 years with the orchestra. Mayes played at age 8 as soloist with the St. Louis Symphony under Rudolph Ganz.

During the s, while at Curtis, Samuel Mayes played frequently in the cello section of the Philadelphia Orchestra under Stokowski and Ormandy. Mayes graduated from Curtis in , and was already listed in the Philadelphia Orchestra cello section in the season.

In the season, Mayes became Principal cello of the Philadelphia Orchestra, and remained Principal in Philadelphia until the end of the season. Serge Koussevitzky selected Samuel Mayes as Principal cello of the Boston Symphony beginning with the season, where Mayes remained for 18 seasons.

Samuel Mayes remained with the Philadelphia Orchestra until declining health convinced him to retire at the end of the season. After Samuel retired, Winifred Mayes remained with the Philadelphia Orchestra four more seasons, departing at the end of He apparently thought that his health had improved sufficiently for him to take up the position of Principal cello of the Los Angeles Philharmonic under Zubin Mehta However, this proved not to be sustainable, and Mayes joined the music faculty of the University of Michigan.

Samuel Mayes retired in , but occasionally performed with the Aspen Festival Orchestra and the Cincinnati Symphony. Unfortunately, Samuel Mayes's heath continued to deteriorate, and following open heart surgery and later surgery for colon cancer , he died in Mesa, Arizona on August 24, , age Jules Eskin's father was an amateur cellist who gave Jules his first lessons, followed by instruction at the Philadelphia Settlement Music School.

While in Dallas, Eskin studied with Janos Starker who was then Principal cello for Dallas in the season. In the summers of and , Eskin studied at the Tanglewood Music Center.

In the early s, Eskin took master classes with Pablo Casals. Since then Jules Eskin was Principal cello in the each of the orchestra sections which he led.

Eskin then joined the Boston Symphony Orchestra as Principal cello in the season, following the departure of Samuel and Winifred Mayes to the Philadelphia Orchestra.

Petersburg then Leningrad Conservatory. After more than four decades with the Boston Symphony, under five Music Directors, Jules Eskin, still Principal cello of the Boston Symphony passed on 15 November after a full, rich, and long career.

Louis Snyder in his interesting book Boston Symphony and Its World of Players recounts a joke about the virtuoso talents of the Boston musicians.

The orchestra was touring Europe and in Germany, the morning after a concert, a violist was reading and translating a critic's review to his colleagues.

The newspaper headline was " A Virtuoso at Every Desk ". The musician read the article to his colleagues, but then made a puzzled expression.

After a pause, he said: Recall that there are two musicians at every desk. But they say a joke is not good if you need to explain it!

Principal Violas of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Heindel and his wife emigrated to the US in at age 25, along with his older brothers Alexander Heindl after and Edward Martin Heindl Henry Heindl became Principal viola of the Boston Symphony in its first season.

Henry Heindl was Principal viola of the Boston Symphony for three seasons Louis Svecenski was appointed Principal viola by Wilhelm Gericke in the season, at which time Henry Heindl moved to the second chair.

Henry Heindl remained in the viola section 25 more seasons until the end of , when he retired at age Henry Heindl's six children, Alexander Jr.

He also made what was likely the first recordings by a Boston Symphony musician for Victor Talking Machine Company Svecenski studied violin at the Vienna Conservatory under two famous teachers: In , Gericke engaged both Svecenski and Kneisel for the Boston Symphony as first viola and first violin, respectively.

This was during the period of Gericke's extensive orchestra building, adding many new players, particularly from Germany.

Svecenski and Kneisel also formed the Kneisel Quartet. See the photograph of Louis Svecenski with the Quartet in about Svecenski is recalled today principally for his teaching and for his long contribution to the Kneisel String Quartet.

Louis Svecenski died on June 18, in New York City after a lingering illness and three surgical operations. Today, following the movement of the Polish boarders by Russia, the city is called Lviv, and is part of the Ukraine.

Zach came to the U. Zach was Principal viola of the Boston Symphony Orchestra from Max Zach left the Boston Symphony in to conduct the newly renamed St.

During , Max Zach was the third conductor of the St. Zach is said to have not only expanded the St. Louis Symphony season, but gradually increased the quality of musicians and the content of programs.

Max Zach died in St. Louis February 3, , age only 56 from an infection subsequent to a tooth extraction, at a time when antibiotics did not yet exist.

He gained entry to the Conservatoire Royal de Musique - Brussels, winning his Premier prix in He played viola in the Lamoureux Orchestra of Paris in While in Britain, he was also active in the Kruse String Quartet: Presumably, he had already been contracted by Wilhelm Gericke to become Principal viola of the Boston Symphony.

This prepared Georges Fourel to gain admission to the Paris Conservatoire. Georges Fourel won the Premier prix in viola at the Conservatoire in the Concour.

Upon graduation, Fourel played viola in l'Orchestre des Concerts Lamoureux about It may have been that Fourel would play both Concerts Lamoureux and the Opera, since in that era, orchestral concerts all occurred at the same time on Saturday afternoons, and musicians were not contracted exclusively.

These were small concerts, with none of the Paris halls of the era holding more than about listeners. As can be seen from the photo of Concerts-Touche, below, less than connaiseurs could attend.

He entered the Boston Symphony subsequent to the musician's strike at the invitation of Pierre Monteux as a second violin in the season.

In the season, Fourel advanced to Principal viola, a path followed by other violinists, such as Burton Fine , 40 years later. In the season, Jean Lefranc replaced Georges Fourel in the first chair viola position.

Georges Fourel remained with the Boston Symphony viola section until the end of season, thirty-three years of service. Georges Fourel became a U.

George Fourel taught at Middlebury College in Vermont in the s. Also, with the organization of the the Berkshire Music Center in Tanglewood, Georges Fourel was particularly active with summer instruction of strings.

For example, at Tanglewood, Sarah Caldwell the conductor studied viola with Georges Fourel in Georges Fourel died July 25, Quentin Aisne, France, 60 km northwest of Paris on March 28, Jean Lefranc later succeeding Georges Fourel as Principal viola in , remaining in the first chair in Boston for fourteen seasons.

Jean Lefranc became a U. Jean Lefranc retired from the Boston Orchestra at age 62, following the conclusion of World War 2 at the end of the season.

His father, Oreste de Pasquale was also a violinist, who gave Joseph his first lessons. Joseph de Pasquale graduated from Curtis in the Class of Following the retirement of Jean Lefranc from the Boston Symphony at the end of the season, Serge Koussevitzky appointed Joseph de Pasquale Principal viola of the Boston Symphony beginning in the season.

In Boston, de Pasquale played the very large Gasparo de Salo viola. Eugene Ormandy favored the richer sound of a large viola and insisted his viola section use these.

Joseph de Pasquale's Gasparo de Salo viola was large even by these standards. Ormandy had invited Joseph de Pasquale to join the Philadelphia Orchestra on several occasions, and after seventeen seasons in Boston, de Pasquale became Philadelphia Orchestra Principal viola in the season.

Joseph Pasquale held the first viola position in Philadelphia until he retired at the end of the season. One was that he was an excellent cook and the other was his means of expression.

Just before the birth of his first child I said 'dont do what I did The list of his successful students in US symphony orchestras is long, his legacy to orchestra music making.

Burton Fine studied violin with Ivan Galamian for 5 years at the Curtis. Burton Fine also studied chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania and received a Ph.

Fine worked for 8 years as a research chemist. Burton Fine auditioned for the Boston Symphony, and joined the second violin under Erich Leinsdorf in the season.

Burton Fine's wife Susan Miron is a harp soloist and critic Harry Ellis Dickinson observed that Burton Fine was one of the "absent minded musicians".

Dickinson wrote about Fine: He recently came to me before a rehearsal and asked if I had seen him come in. When I answered in the affirmative, he asked 'Was I carrying my viola case?

Burton Fine retired from the Boston Symphony in December, You can also see him with the Boston Symphony Chamber Players in the photo, above.

He graduated from the Curtis Institute in In , Steven Ansell went to the University of Houston to teach, where he remained two years.

The Muir String Quartet, after more than thirty seasons of performing still is actively touring, including on the East coast while the BSO season is active, demonstrating Steven Ansell's love of chamber music.

Steven Ansell also teaches music at Boston University Professionally, he was billed as August Stein. In , he married Johanna Kupfer who had also emigrated from Saxony with whom he had 9 children.

In the s, August Stein participated in a number of chamber music concerts, particularly of the Apollo Club of Boston a singing group still performing today.

In he graduated with Honors from the New England Conservatory, where he studied double bass with Henry Portnoi, his predecessor as Principal bass of the Boston Symphony.

Koussevitzky had the practice of evaluating new scores by having the orchestra perform them, rather than by reading the score of the music which is said not to have been one of his strengths.

During one such performance of new scores, the rendition of a work was particularly rough. Between two such works, the second oboe, Jean deVergie turned to the Principal oboe, Fernand Gillet and asked "what are we playing next?

In fact, that was the case with Dr. De Ribas was born in Madrid, Spain on January 12, when Beethoven and Schubert were composing some of their finest works.

After his musical education in Spain, Antonio De Ribas made his London debut as an oboe soloist in De Ribas first appeared in New York in De Ribas was teaching music in Boston.

De Ribas was Principal oboe during the first season of the Boston Symphony. In the s, Dr. De Ribas was teaching at the New England Conservatory.

He also formed a business that provided theatrical scenery in the first decade of the s. It is hard to think how one could be sure of such a claim, but given the lack of even oboes and bassoons in US orchestras before the Civil War playing for example Haydn, it may well be true.

Antonio De Ribas died in Boston January 28, , age Hugo Hemmann was brother of the violinist Friedhold Hemmann August 15, after and the cellist Carl Hemmann before They emigrated together to the U.

Hugo Hemmann was the Principal oboe of the Boston Symphony during its second season Carl Hemmann died after Friedhold Hemmann died after In about , Auguste Sautet began studies at the Paris Conservatoire.

At that time, French wind players were widely admired for precision and delicacy. Auguste Sautet was Principal oboe of the Boston Symphony from Auguste Sautet then moved to the second oboe chair, with Frederick C.

Mueller remaining as English horn. Auguste Sautet remained as oboe with the Boston Symphony until the end of the season. Weiss entered the Paris Conservatoire, was a student of the great teacher, Georges Gillet , head of the oboe program at the Paris Conservatoire from , and uncle of future BSO oboe Fernand Gillet.

Weiss won the oboe Premier prix in the Conservatoire Concour. Georges Gillet was in fact the teacher of all the Boston Symphony Principal oboes from Albert Weiss was Second oboe of the Boston Symphony during the two seasons, However, his tenure was cut short by a tragic event.

As well as being a major tragedy, this loss of three of the Boston Symphony section heads precipitated a crisis for the Boston Symphony, and its conductor Wilhelm Gericke just returning to the Boston Symphony as Music Director after nine years.

With the season being only three months away, the orchestra telegraphed to the Paris Conservatorie, requesting the best available oboe.

As a result, in September, at the age of 30, Georges Longy arrived in Boston. Longy was to remain Principal oboe of the Boston Symphony for twenty-seven seasons.

Longy was a student of the great teacher, Georges Gillet , head of the oboe program at the Paris Conservatoire from Georges Longy where he won the Premier prix in the Concour Longy was also active in chamber music.

For 14 years, , with the funding of Elise Hall, Longy founded the Boston Orchestral Club, a small semi-professional symphony which played works perhaps too avant-guard for the Boston Symphony In , he formed the Georges Longy Club , a wind chamber music group, which played music from the Baroque to modern eras.

The Longy Club was active for 21 seasons, Among the musicians playing in the Taffanel group were several of Longy friends and colleagues: The initial listed members were: Georges Longy seems to have gone back to France every summer from at least In , to further musical education, Longy, with Charles Loefler created the Longy School of Music in Boston, which still exists.

At the end of the season Georges Longy left the Boston Symphony, seeming as a result of disagreements with the new Boston Symphony conductor, Serge Koussevitzky.

Georges Longy returned to France, and settled near his birthplace in Abbeville. It seems that on his return to France, Longy no longer played the oboe in public.

Georges Longy died at Abbeville while out for a walk in March, A Georges Longy story: A young oboe player came to Longy, asking for the privilege to study with him.

Longy replied "Oh non! I nevaire give lessons, nevaire! The student, despairing, said "but I came all the way to Boston to have lessons with you!

So, now take out your oboe Now, play for me one long tone. Longy shakes his head, then says, "now play it again" and as the pupil plays, Longy reaches forward and gently moves the bell of the oboe from side to side.

Longy states "Vairy good, vairy good, and that will be twenty-five dollaire, please. He studied at the Paris Conservatoire with his uncle, Georges Gillet , head of the oboe program for nearly 40 years at the Conservatoire.

At the Conservatoire, he won second prize in and Premier prix in the Concour of In , Koussevitzky substantially changed the oboe section of the Boston Symphony.

Georges Longy was replaced as Principal oboe by Fernand Gillet, and Clement Lenom, second oboe was replaced by Jean Devergie who was to remain as Assistant Principal oboe for thirty-nine seasons, Fernand Gillet married his student and second wife, Marie Louise, 16 years younger than he in He became a U.

Gillet is said by a number of his students he taught mainly at the New England Conservatory in Boston to have been a gifted teacher.

For example, the flutist Joe Armstrong wrote " Not many people realize today that the legendary Fernand Gillet frequently taught advanced players from the entire woodwind family who found that his unique way of developing superior technique and expressive control had something crucial to offer them beyond what they received from the expert teachers of their own instruments Gillet continued to teach into his nineties.

Gillet was long lived, and died in suburban Boston in March 8, , aged In the Autumn of , Holmes went to the Eastman School of Music where he studied with Robert Bloom for one year and then with for three years with Robert Sprenkle Sprenkle was Principal oboe of the Eastman-Rochester Philharmonic for 48 years.

Robert Bloom was one of the great oboists of his generation. Stokowski had been searching for a leading English horn player, changing English horn in for each of the previous five Philadelphia seasons until he found Robert Bloom.

In the following five seasons , John 'Jack' Holmes went through a series of American orchestras of increasing prestige. John Holmes was Principal in Boston for three seasons, oboe Charles Munch then selected Ralph Gomberg as Principal oboe, and Jack Holmes moved to the second chair next to Ralph Gomberg for a further twenty-seven seasons, from , certainly a distinguished first oboe stand.

John Holmes died in suburban Boston on May 21, Ralph Gomberg at age 14 was Marcel Tabuteau's youngest-ever oboe student. In fact 5 of the 7 Gomberg children studied at the Curtis Institute.

He later joined the Mutual Broadcasting Symphony as first oboe, a desirable position which gave him year-around employment important in that era of partial orchestral seasons.

Ralph Gomberg joined the Boston Symphony under Charles Munch in the season, succeeding Jack Holmes, who moved to the second oboe chair.

Ralph Gomberg served as Principal oboe of the Boston Symphony for 38 seasons until the end of as Principal oboe.

Ralph Gomberg died in December 9, in Wayland, Massachusetts. His father was also a musician. At age 16, Genovese began study with John Minsker who had previously been English horn with the Philadelphia Orchestra.

Upon graduation from Curtis in the Class of , Genovese became an oboe with the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra for three seasons Alfred Genovese then went to the St.

In the season, Genovese went to the Cleveland Orchestra as Principal oboe briefly for one season under George Szell. This was the single season in which Marc Lifschey was away from Cleveland during his long Cleveland tenure and In this season, Lifschey was Principal oboe of the Metropolitan Opera.

Upon his return to Cleveland, Alfred Genovese replaced him as Principal oboe of the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra in the season. Alfred Genovese remained at the Metropolitan Opera for 17 seasons Upon the retirement of Ralph Gomberg at the end of the season, Alfred Genovese took the first chair oboe position.

In the Boston Symphony programs for the seasons, Alfred Genovese was listed as "Acting Principal oboe" He was then confirmed in the first chair position and is now deservedly listed as Principal oboe Alfred Genovese was a regular at the Marlboro Music Festival in the summers from at least into the s.

He was also a New York freelance session musician in the early s at the time he was with the Metropolitan Opera. Alfred Genovese retired from the Boston Symphony at the end of the season.

He was raised in Bedford, Massachusetts in a musical family. Ferrillo's mother was a music teacher with a Masters degree in music education.

He also participated at the Marlboro Music Festival. Upon graduation from Curtis in , John Ferrillo freelanced for a year.

In , he also played Principal oboe with the suburban Washington D. For six years during the late s and early s, John Ferrillo taught at the University of West Virginia.

He was constantly working towards a major symphony orchestra position during these years. In interviews, John Ferrillo has pointed out the challenges for a beginning musician to build a career.

He said that he "blew off" nine years and 21 auditions, prior to landing his first position as assistant Principal oboe of the San Francisco Symphony Ferrillo in May, won the competition to become second oboe of the San Francisco Symphony to begin in the season, under Herbert Blomstedt.

Then, only months later, in September, , Ferrillo won the Principal oboe audition for the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra. Ferrillo joined the MET for the season, and remained as Principal Oboe for fifteen seasons, to At the same time as his tenure at the Metropolitan Opera, Ferrillo taught oboe at the Juilliard School.

Then, in , Ferrillo succeeded Alfred Genovese, Principal oboe of the Boston Symphony who had retired at the end of the season.

John Ferrillo is admired for his singing tone and phrasing, which some speculate may have been reinforced during his years at the Metropolitan Opera.

John Ferrillo's colleagues observe that his way of shaping and phrasing a line of music, and his intensity bring alive the teaching of Ferrillo's great mentor John de Lancie.

As such, he continues a tradition of the Boston Symphony winds, and in particular the oboe section which is not surpassed by another orchestra.

He emigrated to the U. From , and during the s, Paul Eltz was a music teacher and musician in Boston.

Paul Eltz was one of the early generation of Boston professional orchestra musicians playing in the Handel and Haydn Society Orchestra, beginning in the s His son, Paul Richard Eltz, Jr.

In the Boston Symphony Orchestra first season, , Regestein was what we would title today the Assistant Principal bassoon of the Boston Symphony.

Regestein returned to the Boston Symphony in and remained until the end of the season as third bassoon, first under Principal bassoon Albert Debuchy , and then under Peter Sadony, beginning Ernst Regestein left the Boston Symphony at the end of the season after a total of nine seasons.

See the interesting photograph of Ernst Regestein with his first stand Assistant bassoon Paul Eltz, from the first season BSO photograph actually a composite photo-collage done in , above.

Ernst Regestein died in Boston in February, , just short of his ninetieth birthday. Fedor Bernhardi was Principal bassoon of the Boston Symphony for three seasons, continuing under Wilhelm Gericke, departing at the end of the season.

Fedor Bernhardi thereafter lived in Queens, New York with his wife and three sons. Frederick Hermann Guenzel was Principal bassoon of the Boston Symphony for five seasons, , and continued for fifteen more seasons as second bassoon.

Guenzel taught at the New England Conservatory. His music teaching in Boston continued at least until He performed under the listing of F. Hermann Guenzel, and F.

At the Conservatory, he was Hermann Guenzel. Rich in service, Frederick Hermann Guenzel died in Boston, rather young, sometime before His was a musical family, and his brother, Julius Guetter, was also a violin and bassoon player.

Adolf Guetter studied under Julius Weissenborn at the Leipzig Conservatory starting in about or Julius Weissenborn had been Principal bassoon with the the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra from as well as teaching at the Leipzig Conservatory.

After playing several years in Germany, Adolf Guetter came to Boston in at the invitation of Arthur Nikisch, who had likely known Guetter from Nikisch's period as Principal conductor of the Stadt Theater, Leipzig.

Guetter's last season was under Nikisch's successor, Emil Paur. Upon returning to Germany following the Boston Symphony, in , Adolf Guetter was in Berlin playing chamber music Adolf Guetter also took part for several years in the Beethoven Fest , held in Bonn each autumn and still today.

In Berlin, Adolf Guetter was teacher of his nephew, Walter Guetter who was Principal bassoon of the Chicago Symphony and and of the Philadelphia Orchestra for fifteen seasons Julius Guetter, younger brother of Adolf Guetter, and father of Walter Guetter was a violin maker who also settled in Philadelphia.

Theodore Thomas traveled in Europe, particularly in Germany and Austria each summer, recruiting musicians and collecting new music.

Hugo Litke was Principal bassoon in Chicago Hugo Litke's brother, Paul Litke was also a bassoon player and joined Hugo Litke as a substitute bassoon with the Chicago Symphony.

Paul Litke soon joined his brother in Boston in , playing bassoon and contrabassoon. Hugo Litke remained Principal bassoon in Boston Hugo Litke also played chamber music with the Kneisel Quartet.

Seven seasons later, Hugo Litke again returned to Boston for the season, sitting in the Second bassoon chair, next to Principal bassoon Peter Sadony.

Wilhelm Gericke recruited Debuchy to come to the U. Albert Debuchy remained Principal bassoon for four seasons For the next two seasons, , Albert Debuchy was assistant to Peter Sadony in the second bassoon chair, with Ernst Regestein in third, and John Helleberg as contrabassoon.

After the season, Albert Debuchy seems to have returned to France. Sadony studied bassoon in Berlin. Peter Sadony then joined the Gürzenich Orchestra of Cologne.

Then, the next season, Willy Hess's brother Max Hess , who had been Principal horn in Cologne, and his colleague Peter Sadony, bassoon, came to the Boston Symphony together for the season.

Then, in late September, just before the start of the season, Peter Sadony had surgery for appendicitis. Peter Sadony died unexpectedly on September 19, , probably of peritonitis following the procedure, at the early age of 50, this in the age before antibiotics.

Mosbach was initially contra-bassoon under Peter Sadony, the Principal bassoon. After six seasons with the Boston Symphony as contrabassoon, Peter Sadony unexpectedly died.

Karl Muck in the season elevated Joseph Mosbach to the Principal bassoon chair. After three seasons as Principal bassoon, Joseph Mosbach left the Boston Symphony at the end of the season, perhaps dismissed by the incoming conductor, Henri Rabaud.

Mosbach remained in Detroit for twenty-one seasons Abdon Laus was born in Algeria, then a territory of France on April 10, He studied bassoon at the Paris Conservatoire where he received Premier prix in bassoon in the Concour.

Monteux had a first bassoon vacancy in Boston, he received a phone call from a bassoon player who said, 'Maestro, I hear you are looking for a first bassoonist.

I was your first bassoonist in the Ballet Russe, and I would like to play for you in Boston. Laus 'friends' in the orchestra said that Monteux thought he was talking to Benjamin Kohon True or not, the story is certainly amusing.

One contextual problem with the story is that Abdon Laus had already joined the Boston Symphony as Principal bassoon in under Henri Rabaud, before Monteux's appointment.

But, perhaps Monteux did cause the Laus hiring, since he conducted the Boston Symphony at the beginning of the season, before Henri Rabaud was able to arrive in Boston.

In any case, it is too good a story to pass up. Laus also became a U. Laus remained Principal bassoon for eighteen seasons until demoted by Serge Koussevitzky after the season.

Abdon Laus then moved to the third chair of the Boston Symphony bassoon section for nine further seasons, There are some accounts that Abdon Laus also played the saxophone, and well as needed in Boston Symphony concerts.

Abdon Laus died in Massachusetts, reportedly of cancer on July 29, He initially studied at the Conservatoire de Douai, 25 km east of his home, in preparation for the Paris Conservatoire admissions examination.

Accepted at Paris, Raymond Allard entered and won first prize in bassoon at the Paris Conservatoire in Allard was apparently recruited on the spot for the Boston Symphony.

Raymond Allard's nephew, Maurice Allard was also a leading bassoon player in Paris, and taught at the Paris Conservatoire retired in and told Gerald Corey that: My uncle told me the day of his public concour for first prize at the Conservatoire in Paris, the manager of the Boston Symphony, present in the hall, proposed engagement with the BSO and signed him up right there Allard became Principal bassoon in the season.

Raymond Allard, rather than the German bassoon models e. Heckel used in many American orchestras later, used exclusively the Buffet-Crampon oboe no white ring.

Raymond Allard was also known as an avid photographer. After retiring from the Boston Symphony at the end of the season at age 55, Raymond Allard visited France, and then settled in Leominster suburban Boston , Massachusetts.

Raymond Allard died in nearby Fitchburg Massachusetts on July 25, , age In about , Sherman Walt entered the U. Army where he won a Bronze Star, participating from the Normandy landings until the entry into Germany.

Upon discharge, Sherman Walt returned to Curtis for his graduation with the Class of Immediately thereafter, Sherman Walt joined the bassoon section of the Chicago Symphony in the season.

On the departure of long-time Chicago Principal bassoon Hugo Fox to start his Fox instrument company making bassoons and other double-reed instruments in , Sherman Walt became Principal bassoon of the Chicago Symphony for two seasons, Sherman Walt was Principal bassoon of the Boston Symphony for 36 seasons.

During this time, Sherman Walt was a musical legend among bassoonists because of his long career, his rich and clean intonation, and his many students.

Sherman Walt retired from the Boston Symphony at the end of the season in May, Sadly, Sherman Walt died just months after retiring, hit by an automobile in suburban Boston on October 26, Richard Svoboda graduated with a bachelor of music education with distinction in Following graduation, Richard Svoboda studied bassoon with George Berry, then and still today Principal bassoon of the St.

Louis Symphony, who had visited Lincoln as part of a St. Louis Symphony tour Richard Svoboda is reported to play a Heckel bassoon.

He has also exercised his chamber music flair through his playing with the Boston Symphony Chamber Players since joining in An additional distinction is that he is not only respected as section leader, but particularly well-liked by his colleagues.

The violinist Henri Casadesus and uncle of pianist Robert Casadesus and the composer Alfredo Casella were both, among other things, advocates of baroque and early music.

Casella had also been a conductor of the Boston Pops Humphrey recalls that both Casadesus and Casella as harpsichordist were touring with the BSO, and Casadesus liked to visit shops in each city, hoping to find potentially valuable old musical instruments.

Casadesus found an old clarinet in one city, and took it back to the BSO hotel. Before going to bed, Casadesus saw that the clarinet still had a reed, picked it up, and played some of the French song Plaisir d'amour.

At breakfast the next morning, Casella said "Henri, I heard a clarinet in the hotel last night. Did you hear it? The next night, in the next town, Casadesus repeated his clarinet playing.

The following morning Casella, now somewhat nervous, asked Casadesus if he had heard the clarinet?. Casadesus replied that he heard nothing, that Casella must indeed be exhausted, and suggested a good doctor in the next town.

Casella, after visiting the doctor, and receiving some mild medication, returned to the Pullman car of the BSO train. That night, Casadesus waited patiently until Casella gathered his toilet articles, and went down the corridor to the toilet.

Casadesus then took out his clarinet and prepared to play Plaisir d'amour outside the bathroom door. Suddenly, to Casadesus's surprise and consternation, the door flew open, and standing there was Casella, staring straight into the eyes of Casadesus.

He studied clarinet and Saxophone in Bavaria. The next year, in , he formed a saxophone quartet in Philadelphia 63 , and he lived in Philadelphia for at least the next decade.

In , Eustach Strasser played saxophone with the Mendelssohn Quintette. He continued to teach at least until This suite included music from Bizet's opera La jolie fille de Perth , with the saxophone, then a relatively new instrument substituting for the soprano.

Eustach Strasser was also adept in the repair of brass instruments, and in the s briefly joined George S. Haynes in Boston in the manufacture of musical instruments Eustach Strasser was active in the Boston music scene at least until The first of these was Evans Akeroyd.

Evans Akeroyd was born in England on November 13, into a musical family. Evans Akeroyd's brothers Julius Akeroyd and Vincent Akeroyd before were both violinists.

All three brothers were born in Bradford in Yorkshire in the Midlands of England. The brothers emigrated to Boston in After the departure of Eustach Strasser, Evans Akeroyd was appointed as Principal clarinet of the Boston Symphony for one season, His partner at the first stand was the second Bb clarinet Peter Metzger Peter Metzer was in the second clarinet chair of the Boston Symphony for twenty-three seasons, Evans Akeroyd was the second of these for the single season in which Akeroyd played with the Boston Symphony.

It would seem that either Wilhelm Gericke was dissatisfied or Arthur Nikisch, arriving as Music Director the next season wanted a change, but in any case, Evans Akeroyd's contract was not renewed.

However, his two violinist brothers served in the Boston Symphony longer: Julius Akeroyd served for 32 seasons Vincent Akeroyd before was with the orchestra for seven seasons, After leaving the orchestra, Evans Akeroyd played in the orchestra of the Columbia Theatre in Boston, and other venues.

Evans Akeroyd died in Boston in Goldschmidt" was Principal clarinet for five seasons This may have been Guido Goldschmidt born in Vienna in , but this has not yet been verified.

Surprising so little trace after five seasons. Goldschmidt clarinet, Adolf Guetter bassoon and Frank Hain horn He started his career as an illustrator and painter.

He then toured France with a circus troop, playing and washing the elephants. This apparently was good training, since he gained admittance to the Paris Conservatoire from among the many competitors.

His Conservatoire Premier prix would have been in about the or Concour. He also was Principal clarinet of the Lyon Opera Meanwhile, in painting, Pourtau was also developing in pointillist and impressionistic painting styles, including studying with his friend Georges Seurat Pourtau remained with the Boston Symphony for four seasons, returning each summer to France.

However, this resulted in tragedy. He and his brother Henri Selmer were musicians, and both studied at the Paris Conservatoire.

Alexandre Selmer gained his Premier at the Conservatoire in about the Concour. He departed that summer of to the US in Henri Paris Conservatoire Premier prix Concour and Alexandre had started repairing instruments and manufacturing clarinet mouthpieces and reeds.

In , Henri Selmer with one workman began the manufacture of complete clarinets. At this time, Alexandre Selmer also began US manufacture of his own design: Experts on such design say that Alexandre Selmer clarinets were not manufactured from the Henri Selmer prototype, but rather a different and they say better design.

In about , Alexandre Selmer went back to help Henri in the expansion of their instrument manufacture.

Alexandre Selmer manufactured the "Alexandre" clarinet in France, also, and experts say that the French production is stamped "France" whereas the US production has no location indicated.

Later Selmer France clarinets are said to have adopted the design advantages of the "Alexandre" clarinet. Alexandre Selmer was appointed Principal clarinet of the Boston Symphony in the season by Wilhelm Gericke, who had just returned to Boston for his second period of music direction.

Alexandre Selmer was Principal clarinet for three seasons until the end of Alexandre Selmer during these years was also conducting clarinet and saxophone training session across the US, which spread the use of Selmer instruments.

After Alexandre Selmer returned to Paris to assist the family business, he continued to cross the US frequently to present classes to aid musicians, while expanding use of Selmer instruments, as is shown by the brochure, below.

Alexandre Selmer died in France in

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Riders on the Storm. After a rich career equally important as a performer and as a teacher, Franz Kneisel died in New York City on Mach 26, He studied at the Madrid Conservatoire under the great Spanish teacher, Jesus de Monasterio He then moved to Berlin to study with Joachim for 3 years.

In the late s, he taught violin at the Hamburg Conservatory. In about , he returned to the Madrid Conservatoire to teach violin.

Then, he moved to London to teach at the Royal College of Music - During this period in England, he also toured with the singers Edward Lloyd and Charles Santley When he moved to Boston to become Concertmaster for the season, he continued his chamber music activities.

From , Hess studied with Joseph Joachim in Berlin. During two seasons, Willy Hess was Concertmaster of the orchestra in Rotterdam before the current Rotterdam Philharmonic and taught at the Rotterdam Conservatory.

Willy Hess returned to Germany, and , was eight seasons in Cologne. Hess then returned to England, where he taught violin at the Royal Academy of Music in London in Willy Hess became the fourth Concertmaster of the Boston Symphony in the season.

He remained in the first chair for six seasons. Willy Hess was a friend of Max Bruch and premiered several of Max Bruch's works for violin and viola.

Willy Hess died in Berlin February 17, His father, Georg Wendling was also a musician. Carl Wendling lived for many years in Stuttgart, Germany, where he also taught at the Conservatory.

This was following World War 1, named after Carl Wending. Alfred Saal had been Principal cello of the Philadelphia Orchestra for two seasons The Wendling Quartet also toured the U.

Yet Aldrich gave the group a good review. I am not sure that first violins of successful string quartets are usually "incisive personalities", thinking of the Kneisel, the Flonzaley, the Capet, the Budapest, etc.

The Wendling String Quartet made a number of recordings in Germany in the late s. Carl Wendling died on March 27, in Stuttgart, Germany, age Anton Witek was Concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic Witek resigned as Concertmaster of the Boston Symphony Orchestra in , after which he taught violin in Boston.

See his picture below showing the string section leaders for the season. Anton Witek died in Boston in August, Beginning in , at age sixteen, Fradkin was admitted to the Paris Conservatoire, where he won the violin Premier prix in the Concour.

At this time, the impact of the warfare of World War 1 on public thinking was ever-growing, which generated significant anti-German sentiments.

The next season, Pierre Monteux became conductor beginning In this season, the orchestra musicians sought to unionize and gain wage increases, which Fradkin as Concertmaster supported.

Feelings escalated into March, On March 5, , there was a confrontation in which Fredric Fradkin remained in his seat when Pierre Monteux gestured to the Orchestra to rise to recognize the audience applause for their performance of Berlioz's 'Sinfonie fantastique'.

This caused a sensation, and that evening Fradkin was summarily dismissed by the orchestra Board Following this spectacular event, Fradkin had a minimal later role in the concert world.

Freddy Fradkin also toured in Europe in Fradkin became a freelance radio orchestra musician, and later opened a restaurant in New York City.

For the next 35 years, Freddy Fradkin was not active in music concerts. Fredric Fradkin died in New York in , age 71 after a varied, if perhaps blighted musical career.

There is a famous story told many times, but still good involving two leading violinists, Freddy Fradkin and Mischa Elman, attending a Jacha Heifetz concert with the famous wit and pianist Leopold Godowsky.

One Saturday afternoon, 27th October , Carnegie Hall was filled to hear the sixteen-year old violin sensation, Jascha Heifetz.

Godowsky, his wife Dagmar and violinists Fradkin and Elman were seated in their box. Heifetz successfully performed a dazzling concert.

At the interval, Godowsky's party retired to the open area behind their box. Elman wiped his brow, and said "Phew, it's awfully hot in there! Burgin began the study of violin at age 6.

After study with local teachers and with the Polish violinist Isidor Lotto circa , in , Burgin moved to Germany to study with Joseph Joachim at the Berlin Akademische Hochschule für Musik.

Bergin's first public performance was in , age 11 with the Warsaw Philharmonic. Then, , he studied with Leopold Auer at the St. Petersburg Conservatory, where he graduated in , winning the Siver prize in violin in that year Burgin became Concertmaster of the Warsaw Philharmonic in Burgin came to the U.

Burgin taught violin for many years at the New England Conservatory, where he became the Conservatory Orchestra conductor in , and and at the Berkshire Music Center, where he taught conducting.

The also conducted the Portland, Maine symphony. In , Burgin married the Massachusetts born Ruth Posselt September 6, February 19, , 22 years his junior and a violin virtuoso student of Frantisek Ondricek Richard Burgin had the somewhat amusing reputation of being personally absent-minded, and of not being concerned about clothes, both in formal wear, and in details, such as remembering to wear a concert necktie.

Although forgetful, Burgin was also a champion-level Bridge player. Burgin was much admired by his colleagues.

Burgin retired from the Boston Symphony at the end of the season. Burgin also conducted the Florida State Chamber Orchestra. Richard Burgin suffered a stroke in January, 67 , and died 3 months later in St.

Petersburg, Florida April 29, Joseph was left handed, but his father taught him to play right handed. In about , Silverstein studied with Josef Gingold who was at that time Concertmaster of the Detroit Symphony.

Silverstein was admitted to the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia in , where he studied with Ephram Zimbalist. Silverstein was expelled from the Curtis Institute in , at age He later said "I was too distracted by "girls and baseball" 4.

After leaving Curtis, he played with the Houston Symphony , and with the Philadelphia Orchestra in the season. Silverstein returned to Detroit, and began study with Detroit Symphony Concertmaster Mischa Mischakoff , whom Silverstein said transformed his attitude toward preparation and playing.

Joe Silverstein then went to the Denver Symphony as Concertmaster and Assistant conductor for one season, Next year, Joseph Silverstein joined the Boston Symphony in the season taking the last chair of the second violins.

As unusual as such a progression was, Joseph Silverstein gradually moved up in the violin section until he was appointed Concertmaster in the season.

Silverstein remained Concertmaster for 21 season, until the end of During the time that Richard Burgin was still with the Boston Symphony, Silverstein said he was a mentor to him.

In , during his final season with the Boston Symphony, Silverstein was appointed conductor of the Utah Symphony on a trial basis, where he remained as Music Director until Now, well into his seventies, Silverstein is active as Professor of violin at the Curtis Institute.

Malcolm Lowe with his second favorite instrument he is a top golfer. Malcolm Lowe joined the Boston Symphony Orchestra as Concertmaster in , only the tenth Concertmaster in its nearly year history.

Malcolm Lowe was born in born in July, in Hamiota, Manitoba about km west of Winnipeg to musical parents. Lowe's father was a violinist and his mother a singer.

Lowe moved with his family to Regina, Saskatchewan at the age of nine. Malcolm Low then later studied at the Meadowmount School of Music, a summer music camp in up-state New York, founded by Ivan Galamian who was also a famous Juilliard teacher.

Malcolm Lowe joined the Boston Symphony in the season, only the third Concertmaster of the Boston Symphony since , when Richard Burgin took the first chair position.

Since coming to Boston, Malcolm Lowe has taught at the Tanglewood Music Center, and at the New England Conservatory and Boston University, as well as presumably getting in a number of rounds of golf a passion at which he may match his 46 year BSO violin colleague Leo Panasevich In his playing, and in interviews, after more than two decades as Concertmaster in Boston, Malcolm Lowe still shows his enthusiasm and engagement in music making.

As a cellist, his first training was with his father, an amateur musician. Fries then went to Ploen, also in the Duchy of Holstein to study music and the cello.

In , with his older brother August Fries, he relocated to Bergen, Norway where they both played in the Bergen orchestra. Their experiences in Bergen were said to have been difficult although August Fries in later life moved back to Bergen.

Before , such groups and such musicians were a rare breed. Mendelssohn Quintette Club The Mendelssohn Quintette Club, started Boston in December, was one of the earliest successful and long-term chamber groups in the US, when orchestral music was virtually non-existent.

The Philharmonic Society in New York was performing only 4 concerts per season until , and the Boston Orchestral Union the same.

The Harvard Musical Association was not organized for concerts until However, the Mendelssohn Quintette Club was performing more frequently in Boston, and also touring New England states.

In later years, they toured widely. The initial members of the Mendelssohn Quintette Club included many of the handful of orchestral musicians of the US almost able to make a living from playing the music of Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert and Mendelssohn.

Soon thereafter joined two musicians from the original Germania Society, both violinists: The Mendelssohn Quintette Club deserves a book just covering its fifty years of activity covering the very first professional group in the US to devote itself to classical chamber music.

Wulf Fries continued his teaching, and died in suburban Boston on April 19, , age 77 after a full musical life.

Bayrhoffer joined the cello section of the Boston Symphony in the initial season, perhaps in the second cello chair.

Upon the departure of Wulf Fries in January , Carl Bayrhoffer seems to have become Principal cello of the Boston Symphony for the final portion of the season.

Bayrhoffer's featured performances of the season, the Saint-Saens Cello Concerto opus 33 were not well received by the critics , - unusual for the typically favorable critical style of that era.

Bayrhoffer was also a composer, and published Five Songs Without Words for cello and piano: Wiegenlied lullaby , Gondellied gondola song , Canzonetta , Reverie , and Mückentanz dance of the mosquitoes.

After leaving the U. Alexander Heindl was born into this musical family in Bavaria, Germany on June 25, The Heindl father had been a musician, playing the flute and other instruments.

Alexander and his younger brothers Edward Martin Heindl and Henry Heindl after were all musicians, and all eventually were musicians of the Boston Symphony.

In the first Boston Symphony season, Alexander was joined the cello section, Edward was named Principal flute, and Henry joined the viola section in the second chair.

Alexander Heindl had had a distinguished career in Europe, playing cello in the Vienna Philharmonic in the s, when the orchestra was building its season length.

The Heindl brothers emigrated to the U. Alexander Heindl remained with the cello section until the end of the season, when he retired, age He was one of the four musician sons of the famous German violinist Karl Friedrich Müller who was one of the pioneers in the performance of Beethoven Quartets In , the eldest son of Karl Friedrich Müller, Karl, followed in his father's footsteps forming the Müller String Quartet with his brothers.

The quartet was made up of Karl Müller first , Hugo Müller second , Bernhard Müller viola , and Wilhelm Müller cello It performed a number of premieres, including works by Joseph Joachim Raff For three years, , Müller was a cello instructor at the Musikhochschule Berlin under Joseph Joachim, where one of his leading pupils was the later famous cellist Robert Hausmann During the period , Wilhelm Müller was cellist in the Joachim Quartet, at that time: With this group, Wilhelm Müller gave the premiere of several works by Brahms and others.

Müller continued with the Boston Symphony for three seasons until the March, However, in the season, conductor Wilhelm Gericke, who had succeeded Georg Henschel, appointed Fritz Giese as Principal cello, with Wilhelm Müller presumably becoming what we would call today Associate Principal cello.

He was son of the cellist and teacher Joseph Giese Joseph Giese was born in Koblenz, Germany and was a student of the Berlin-based cellist and teacher Moritz Ganz The interesting information of of the Nederlands Muziek Instituut website states: In at the early age of fifteen, Fritz Giese graduated from the Royal Conservatory, Hague and went on to further studies in Paris with Louis-Auguste Jacquard After touring Europe as a cello soloist in about , Fritz Giese joined the Park Orchestra in Amsterdam during about He was also an original member of the Kneisel Quartet He became dependent on alcohol, which lead to his gradual deterioration as a musician.

Fritz Giese was a fine cellist, particularly when playing with the Kneisel Quartet in the s. With the arrival of Arthur Nikisch as conductor of the Boston Symphony in the season, it seems that Nikisch had determined on Anton Hekking as Principal cello.

However, he returned to Boston, where he died on August 5, , sadly from illness arising from his alcoholism. Fritz Giese's artistry was cut short at age only Hekking was from a musical family.

He studied first with his cellist father Robert Gerard Hekking Anton Hekking studied in the Hague with cellist and teacher Joseph Giese , who was the father and teacher of Anton Hekking's colleague and Boston predecessor Fritz Giese.

As a youth, Hekking played with the Utrecht Symphony. Anton Hekking won the Conservatoire Premier prix for cello in the Concour Following graduation, Anton Hekking toured the U.

Hekking was one of the 54 musicians who founded the Berlin Philharmonic in , after breaking away from the orchestra of conductor Benjamin Bilse During this period, Anton Hekking had a reputation in the orchestra of a practical joker, which is said to have caused some tension within the Philharmonic, and led to Hekking's departure in Hekking remained as Principal cello in Boston for two seasons, During this time, Hekking was also cello of the Kneisel String Quartet So was created the Hekking Trio which continued seven seasons, The concerts of the trio followed the Bilse Orchestra format with tables and beer served with the music.

These programs sold well for the seven years they continued. Anton Hekking also taught at the Stern Conservatory, Berlin, where he died after a full and colorful career on November 18, Alwin Schroeder was initially violist in the Schroeder family quartet, with his older brother Karl as cello.

Karl Schroeder was later Professor of cello at the Leipzig Conservatory, and he encouraged his brother Alwin to pursue the cello. Alwin Schroeder loved the sound of the cello and initially taught himself.

Alwin first studied the viola at the Berlin Akademische Hochschule für Musik, while continuing with the cello. Following graduation, Schroeder's first orchestral cello engagements were in the Karl Liebig orchestra in Berlin.

This led to Alwin Schroeder in being appointed co-Principal cello with the famous cellist Julius Klengel of the Leipzig Gewandhaus orchestra.

During his time at the Leipzig Gewandhaus , Alwin Schroeder also began teaching at the Leipzig Conservatory after his brother Karl had left to become Kapellmeister in Sondershausen in central Germany.

Alwin Schroeder then toured in Germany and Russia. In the season, Alwin Schneider joined the newly formed Boston Symphony Orchestra as Principal cello, where he stayed initially for 12 seasons.

During this time, he advised Dvorak on his cello concerto Hoch Konservatorium for a year in Frankfurt Schroeder then returned to the U.

Schroeder also replaced Leo Schulz in the Margulies Trio. During the , Schroeder played with the Boston String Quartet.

He remained with Boston for another 7 seasons until the end of the season. Alwin Schroeder died in Boston, October 17, He came from a musical family.

His older brother, Albert Krasselt was a violinist, Concertmaster of the Staatskapelle Weimar Orchestra, and later a conductor. Rudolf Krasselt began cello study at age 9.

The next season Rudolf Krasselt next became Principal cello of the Berlin Philharmonic in at age The book Gustav Mahler: Triumph and Disillusion states:.

He was not able to join the Boston Symphony until October, joining only at the second concert of the season due to German military service Krasselt was Principal cello of the Boston Symphony for only one seasons under Gericke.

When he left the orchestra, in , the New York Times stated that Krasselt was preparing himself for a conducting career The remainder of Krasselt's career was in fact as a conductor.

From Krasselt was Kapellmeister of the Kiel Opera. In , Krasselt was appointed conductor of the German Opera Deutsche Oper located in Charlottenburg, then still a separate suburb of Berlin.

Beginning in , Rudolf Krasselt taught conducting at the Berlin Akademische Hochschule für Musik, where Kurt Weill and Berthold Goldschmidt were among his students.

Krasselt conducted the Stockholm Symphony Orchestra in Krasselt in later years concentrated on conducting.

He was for many years conductor Music Director not then a title of the Staatsoper Hannover, which he also conducted at some times in the s.

The letter is described as " Krasselt died in Hannover, Germany in Otto Urack in He was trained in Berlin both as a cellist and pianist.

In , Urack conducted the Berlin Philharmonic in his own works including 'Fantasia for Orchestra' This was the same opera theater at which Alfred Hertz learned his conducting 15 years previously.

In the season, Urack joined the Boston Symphony under Karl Muck as associate conductor and Co-Principal cello 70 , seated at the stand next to Principal cello Heinrich Warnke, and with Urack listed second in the Boston Symphony programs.

Beginning the next season, Otto Urack also conducted the Boston Pops concerts. Urack continued as Co-Principal cello until the end of the season.

While in Boston, Otto Urack pursued conducting, as he also did later in Europe. Also in Berlin in the early s, he played chamber music and accompanied several leading singers in concerts from the piano.

Otto Urack also conducted some of the earliest radio broadcast concerts beginning October, transmitted by the VOX-Haus broadcasting station in Berlin.

Otto Urack later relocated to Dresden. Otto Urack in the s also composed some film music. Heinrich Warnke was born in Wesselburen north of Hamburg , Germany in At age 12, he entered the Hamburg Conservatory where he studied cello with Albert Gowa after In about , Warnke went to Leipzig where he played with the great Gewandhaus Orchestra.

In the season, after the resignation of Rudolph Krasselt, Warnke came to Boston to become Principal cello at the Boston Symphony.

Johannes Warnke remaining with the Boston Symphony for ten seasons, , Heinrich Warnke remained Principal cello of the Boston Symphony for nine seasons.

At the end of the season, perhaps due to the return of Karl Muck, Heinrich Warnke was succeeded by Joseph Malkin as Principal cello. Warnke, however, remained with the Boston Symphony four more seasons, until the end of the season.

Heinrich Warnke died in Germany during the summer of His first cello teacher starting in was Ladislas Alois circa circa In , Malkin entered the Paris Conservatoire, where he studied under Henri Rabaud , and received the first prize in cello in In the Autumn of , Joseph Malkin toured European countries with his violinist brother Jacques He made his debut in Berlin in , and performed there in He played solo cello with the Berlin Philharmonic , and during this time played cello with the Witek trio, with Anton Witek , later Concertmaster of the Boston Symphony, and at that time Concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic.

In , he left Berlin and joined the Brussels Quartet, and also toured Europe, seeking to establish a soloist career. Malkin made his American debut in Malkin was back in Germany at the outset of World War 1 in , and Saleski says that it was Malkin's friendship with Chief of the German General Staff General Helmuth von Moltke , that allowed Malkin to gain an exit visa to go to Boston In Chicago, he formed a trio with his brothers.

In , the family founded the Malkin Conservatory of Music in Boston. Schoenberg taught at the Conservatory for one year immediately upon his emigration to the United States.

The Malkin Conservatory closed in , and Joseph Malkin in the season joined the New York Philharmonic for six seasons, retiring at the end of the season.

Joseph Malkin died in Jean Bedetti circa Jean Bedetti was born in Lyon, France December 25, He began study with his father, also a cellist and a teacher at the Lyon Conservatory.

In the s, Jean Bedetti won the competition for entrance to the Lyon Conservatory, where he conditnued studies with his father, a cello virtuoso.

This training allowed Jean Bedetti to be admitted to the Paris Conservatoire, where he studied cello with Jules Loeb Bedetti was to remain with the Boston Symphony as Principal cello for twenty-nine seasons.

Georges Bedetti was described by his students as an emotional player. Kermit Moore, a Bedetti student describes an emotional scene between Bedetti and Koussevitzky.

Bedetti became very angry with Koussevitzky because Koussevitzky had the temerity to say things to Bedetti: The notes just don't sound,' and so Bedetti was so angry he stormed off the stage.

He walked across the stage and management had to ask him to come back and he refused. So they asked Koussevitzky if he would apologize to Bedetti?

Koussevitzky said, 'No, I will not apologize. He will come back. Jean Bedetti moved to Florida, where he died in Miami on July 25, Louis, Missouri on August 11, Samuel Mayes had a genuine American west background: Mayes began early with cello lessons with Max Steindel , long time Principal cello of the St.

Louis Symphony 42 years with the orchestra. Mayes played at age 8 as soloist with the St. Louis Symphony under Rudolph Ganz.

During the s, while at Curtis, Samuel Mayes played frequently in the cello section of the Philadelphia Orchestra under Stokowski and Ormandy.

Mayes graduated from Curtis in , and was already listed in the Philadelphia Orchestra cello section in the season.

In the season, Mayes became Principal cello of the Philadelphia Orchestra, and remained Principal in Philadelphia until the end of the season.

Serge Koussevitzky selected Samuel Mayes as Principal cello of the Boston Symphony beginning with the season, where Mayes remained for 18 seasons.

Samuel Mayes remained with the Philadelphia Orchestra until declining health convinced him to retire at the end of the season.

After Samuel retired, Winifred Mayes remained with the Philadelphia Orchestra four more seasons, departing at the end of He apparently thought that his health had improved sufficiently for him to take up the position of Principal cello of the Los Angeles Philharmonic under Zubin Mehta However, this proved not to be sustainable, and Mayes joined the music faculty of the University of Michigan.

Samuel Mayes retired in , but occasionally performed with the Aspen Festival Orchestra and the Cincinnati Symphony. Unfortunately, Samuel Mayes's heath continued to deteriorate, and following open heart surgery and later surgery for colon cancer , he died in Mesa, Arizona on August 24, , age Jules Eskin's father was an amateur cellist who gave Jules his first lessons, followed by instruction at the Philadelphia Settlement Music School.

While in Dallas, Eskin studied with Janos Starker who was then Principal cello for Dallas in the season. In the summers of and , Eskin studied at the Tanglewood Music Center.

In the early s, Eskin took master classes with Pablo Casals. Since then Jules Eskin was Principal cello in the each of the orchestra sections which he led.

Eskin then joined the Boston Symphony Orchestra as Principal cello in the season, following the departure of Samuel and Winifred Mayes to the Philadelphia Orchestra.

Petersburg then Leningrad Conservatory. After more than four decades with the Boston Symphony, under five Music Directors, Jules Eskin, still Principal cello of the Boston Symphony passed on 15 November after a full, rich, and long career.

Louis Snyder in his interesting book Boston Symphony and Its World of Players recounts a joke about the virtuoso talents of the Boston musicians.

The orchestra was touring Europe and in Germany, the morning after a concert, a violist was reading and translating a critic's review to his colleagues.

The newspaper headline was " A Virtuoso at Every Desk ". The musician read the article to his colleagues, but then made a puzzled expression.

After a pause, he said: Recall that there are two musicians at every desk. But they say a joke is not good if you need to explain it!

Principal Violas of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Heindel and his wife emigrated to the US in at age 25, along with his older brothers Alexander Heindl after and Edward Martin Heindl Henry Heindl became Principal viola of the Boston Symphony in its first season.

Henry Heindl was Principal viola of the Boston Symphony for three seasons Louis Svecenski was appointed Principal viola by Wilhelm Gericke in the season, at which time Henry Heindl moved to the second chair.

Henry Heindl remained in the viola section 25 more seasons until the end of , when he retired at age Henry Heindl's six children, Alexander Jr.

He also made what was likely the first recordings by a Boston Symphony musician for Victor Talking Machine Company Svecenski studied violin at the Vienna Conservatory under two famous teachers: In , Gericke engaged both Svecenski and Kneisel for the Boston Symphony as first viola and first violin, respectively.

This was during the period of Gericke's extensive orchestra building, adding many new players, particularly from Germany.

Svecenski and Kneisel also formed the Kneisel Quartet. See the photograph of Louis Svecenski with the Quartet in about Svecenski is recalled today principally for his teaching and for his long contribution to the Kneisel String Quartet.

Louis Svecenski died on June 18, in New York City after a lingering illness and three surgical operations. Today, following the movement of the Polish boarders by Russia, the city is called Lviv, and is part of the Ukraine.

Zach came to the U. Zach was Principal viola of the Boston Symphony Orchestra from Max Zach left the Boston Symphony in to conduct the newly renamed St.

During , Max Zach was the third conductor of the St. Zach is said to have not only expanded the St. Louis Symphony season, but gradually increased the quality of musicians and the content of programs.

Max Zach died in St. Louis February 3, , age only 56 from an infection subsequent to a tooth extraction, at a time when antibiotics did not yet exist.

He gained entry to the Conservatoire Royal de Musique - Brussels, winning his Premier prix in He played viola in the Lamoureux Orchestra of Paris in While in Britain, he was also active in the Kruse String Quartet: Presumably, he had already been contracted by Wilhelm Gericke to become Principal viola of the Boston Symphony.

This prepared Georges Fourel to gain admission to the Paris Conservatoire. Georges Fourel won the Premier prix in viola at the Conservatoire in the Concour.

Upon graduation, Fourel played viola in l'Orchestre des Concerts Lamoureux about It may have been that Fourel would play both Concerts Lamoureux and the Opera, since in that era, orchestral concerts all occurred at the same time on Saturday afternoons, and musicians were not contracted exclusively.

These were small concerts, with none of the Paris halls of the era holding more than about listeners.

As can be seen from the photo of Concerts-Touche, below, less than connaiseurs could attend. He entered the Boston Symphony subsequent to the musician's strike at the invitation of Pierre Monteux as a second violin in the season.

In the season, Fourel advanced to Principal viola, a path followed by other violinists, such as Burton Fine , 40 years later.

In the season, Jean Lefranc replaced Georges Fourel in the first chair viola position. Georges Fourel remained with the Boston Symphony viola section until the end of season, thirty-three years of service.

Georges Fourel became a U. George Fourel taught at Middlebury College in Vermont in the s. Also, with the organization of the the Berkshire Music Center in Tanglewood, Georges Fourel was particularly active with summer instruction of strings.

For example, at Tanglewood, Sarah Caldwell the conductor studied viola with Georges Fourel in Georges Fourel died July 25, Quentin Aisne, France, 60 km northwest of Paris on March 28, Jean Lefranc later succeeding Georges Fourel as Principal viola in , remaining in the first chair in Boston for fourteen seasons.

Jean Lefranc became a U. Jean Lefranc retired from the Boston Orchestra at age 62, following the conclusion of World War 2 at the end of the season.

His father, Oreste de Pasquale was also a violinist, who gave Joseph his first lessons. Joseph de Pasquale graduated from Curtis in the Class of Following the retirement of Jean Lefranc from the Boston Symphony at the end of the season, Serge Koussevitzky appointed Joseph de Pasquale Principal viola of the Boston Symphony beginning in the season.

In Boston, de Pasquale played the very large Gasparo de Salo viola. Eugene Ormandy favored the richer sound of a large viola and insisted his viola section use these.

Joseph de Pasquale's Gasparo de Salo viola was large even by these standards. Ormandy had invited Joseph de Pasquale to join the Philadelphia Orchestra on several occasions, and after seventeen seasons in Boston, de Pasquale became Philadelphia Orchestra Principal viola in the season.

Joseph Pasquale held the first viola position in Philadelphia until he retired at the end of the season. One was that he was an excellent cook and the other was his means of expression.

Just before the birth of his first child I said 'dont do what I did The list of his successful students in US symphony orchestras is long, his legacy to orchestra music making.

Burton Fine studied violin with Ivan Galamian for 5 years at the Curtis. Burton Fine also studied chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania and received a Ph.

Fine worked for 8 years as a research chemist. Burton Fine auditioned for the Boston Symphony, and joined the second violin under Erich Leinsdorf in the season.

Burton Fine's wife Susan Miron is a harp soloist and critic Harry Ellis Dickinson observed that Burton Fine was one of the "absent minded musicians".

Dickinson wrote about Fine: He recently came to me before a rehearsal and asked if I had seen him come in.

When I answered in the affirmative, he asked 'Was I carrying my viola case?

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